January 2021 Update
WINGS 10 is the next version of WINGS for Keel and Rudder Design to be released. It will replace all previous versions of WINGS including the current WINGS 32. The new version will include major improvements in display quality by supporting high resolution screens up to 4K. An all new Parametric Design Dialog will include a highly revised dialog screen with new input capabilities and includes an image of the keel or rudder type that is being designed via the parametric design process. The next few images show the sorts of parametric design methods we are discussing that are specific to rudder design. Keel design parametric data will also include keel bolt locations, size and material strength. All calculations are per American Bureau of Shipping for Offshore Racing Yachts. We may add CE / IMO calculations as well for stock materials and dimensions for various classes of ocean applications.
Keel or Rudder design via “parameters” (parametric design) requires the entry of a few defining overall characteristics of the keel and rudder so that WINGS 10 can automatically create a preliminary design and draw it for the user instantly. This allows for the very rapid creation of a design without the tedious entry of individual curves, lines, corners etc that many CAD tools are based on. All of our Vacanti Yacht Design LLC software tools are based on the parametric design concept. Programs like WINGS then offer detailed editing tools that permit the detailed refinement of the original Parametric design to meet specific needs. This allows infinite design variation and optimization.
WINGS 10 now includes Keel Bolt Design Capability and provides required minimum bolt diameter per 2021 ABS Rules for Offshore Sailing Yachts. The image below shows a standard fin keel with bolts drawn per diameter and per location in the bolt table. Depth of the bolt is shown in the PROFILE view below left.
WINGS 10 computes the required minimum bolt diameter based on keel weight, center of gravity, bolt locations and choice of steel for the bolts. A list of 24 Steel bolt choices is provided that ranges from Aqualoy to Stainless 304 and beyond. User can enter Mass of the vessel for use in computing grounding stress per ABS rules, Pressing Calculate button updates all bolt locations in the drawings and computes new stresses and min bolt diameter at base of thread depth. A Text Data file for all bolt and material information is recorded for use in implementation of the keel.
WINGS retains the same NURB (Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline) surface design that we made popular in PROLINES. The only imitation to the NURB surface is that we enforce the aerodynamic shape of the foils (NACA 00, 63, 64, 65, 66 Series and custom foils designed in FOIL 10). Other than that the overall shape and thickness distribution is entirely editable by the user.
WINGS 10 retains the ability to use any combination of foil shapes to achieve a desired volume distribution along the span of keels in particular. While it is not likely that a rudder might use more than one foil type a user many also modify the placement of any number of foil shapes as a function of span.
WINGS 10 will include the new STL (Stereo Lithography) file format that is now available in the PRO version of PROLINES 8. This STL file will permit 3D printing of scale models of keels and rudders, export to hull drag analysis packages such as HydroComp NavCad and permit 3D CNC machining of molds or finish milling for Keel and rudder manufacturing. STL files can also be used for photo realistic rendering of any keel or rudder design.
We are also working on new Rudder Design features such as rudder stock thickness distribution and rudder torque and bending calculations to permit safe design of steering gear and rudder stock material selection.
We invite comments and suggestions for desired WINGS 10 features and reports of existing bugs or fixes that may be needed in WINGS 32 so that we can address those issues before WINGS 10 release.
Cheers and all the best in Keel and Rudder design!